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地震发生时我们应该怎么做
发布时间:2011-3-17  阅读次数:12326  字体大小: 【】 【】【
What to Do During an Earthquake
地震发生时我们应该怎么做
  
最近的日本9级大地震似乎又唤起人们对自然灾害的恐惧。为了普及地震逃生知识,天风特别整理并翻译了一些国外网站上的应对方法,供大家参考借鉴。
  
Stay as safe as possible during an earthquake. Be aware that some earthquakes are actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur. Minimize your movements to a few steps to a nearby safe place and if you are indoors, stay there until the shaking has stopped and you are sure exiting is safe.
地震发生时尽可能待在安全的地方。要注意一些地震实际上是前震,之后可能会发生更大的地震。如果地震时您在室内,请迅速到临近的安全的地方躲避,直到地震停止并且确定出口安全时再出来。
If indoors
如果在室内
  • DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
  • 在地上;在一张结实的桌子或其他家具下方;一直待在那里直到地震停止。如果在您的附近没有桌子或书桌,用手臂护住头和面部,蹲在建筑的内棱角处。
  • Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
  •   远离玻璃、窗户、外门,墙以及任何有可能倒塌的物体,如照明灯具或家具。
  • Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
  • 地震发生时,如果您在床上,那么不要动。一直待在那里,用枕头护住您的头,除非您的附近有可能要坠落的重型灯具——在这种情况下,移动至最近的安全位置。
  • Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, loadbearing doorway.
  • 在您接近大门,或知道大门非常坚固,承重能力良好的情况下,可以躲在门口处。
  • Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
  • Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
  • 地震停止且确保出外安全之前一直待在建筑内。研究表明,多数受伤事件是由于建筑内的人们试图移动至建筑内部另一处地方或尝试离开建筑物时引起的。
  • 注意可能会断电,自动喷水灭火系统或火警警报可能开启。
  • DO NOT use the elevators.
  • 不要使用电梯。
If outdoors
如果在室外
  • Stay there.
  • 待在原地不要动。
  • Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires.
  • 远离建筑、路灯与电线电缆。
  • Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls. Many of the 120 fatalities from the 1933 Long Beach earthquake occurred when people ran outside of buildings only to be killed by falling debris from collapsing walls. Ground movement during an earthquake is seldom the direct cause of death or injury. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.
  • 如果您在空旷的地方,一直待在那里直到地震停止。在建筑的外部(出口处与外墙周围)存在着极大的危险。1933年长滩地震时,120起死亡事故中的多起都是由于人们从建筑中出逃之时被墙壁倒塌掉下的碎片砸死。地震时的地层移动很少能直接造成伤亡。多数与地震相关的伤亡都是由倒塌的墙壁、飞溅的玻璃与高空坠物造成的。
If in a moving vehicle
如果在移动的交通工具中
  • Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
  • 在安全允许的情况下立刻停车,待在车内。避免停靠在建筑、树木、天桥与电线电缆的附近或下方。
  • Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.
  • 地震停止时小心地前行。避免在可能已在地震中受损的道路、桥梁或坡道上行驶。
If trapped under debris
如果被困在废墟中
  • Do not light a match.
  • 不要使用火柴。
  • Do not move about or kick up dust.
  • 不要乱动或扬起灰尘。
  • Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
  • 用手帕或布料遮住口部。
  • Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.
  • 敲击管道或墙壁,这样营救人员就能获得你的方位。如果有哨子,可以使用哨子。在万不得已的情况下可呼喊求援。呼喊有可能会让您吸入大量有害灰尘。
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